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2016年3月31日 15:22
修饰基团对照表
修饰序列标准输入 备注
N terminus Modification  
H- Peptide Primary Amino group
Ac- {Ac},Acetylation
Fmoc- {Fmoc},9-Fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl
CBZ- 苄氧羰酰基
Boc- {Boc},tertbutoxycarbonyl
Bz- 苯甲酰
Bz(5-NH2,2-NO2)- 5-氨基-2-硝基苯甲酰
Bz(4-F)- 4-氟苯甲酰
Bz(4-NO2)- 4-硝基苯甲酰
Allyl- {Allyl},allyl
Acryl- {Acryl},acryl
Alloc- {Alloc},allyloxycarbonyl
Pyr- 焦谷氨酸
{D-Pyr}- D-Pyr
LA- {LA}, Lipoic acid
Mpa-  3-巯基丙酸
{Mal-b-Ala}- Maleoyl-b-Ala
{Mal-Acp}- 6-马来酰亚胺基己酸
{3-IAA}- 3-吲哚乙酸
{SATA}- S-acetylthioacetate
{SATP}- S-acetylthiopropionate
Cholesteryl- 胆固醇酯甲酰化
Fructose- N端接果糖
Glucose- N端接葡萄糖
{DMAP-Ac}- 4-二甲氨基吡啶基乙酸
{NTriAc}-  氮三乙酰基
PhAc- 苯乙酰
{Py-Ac}- 吡啶基乙酸
{N-Amidinoglycine}- 胍基乙酸
{N-Propargylglycine}- N-炔丙基甘氨酸
Ad- 金刚烷甲酰化
BPS- 4-二苯基磺酰基
{Morpholine-4-carbonyl}- 吗啉-4-羰酰基
{Trans-Cinnamoyl}- 反式-肉桂酰基
{2-Furoyl}- 糠酸;2-呋喃甲酸
Methacryl- 甲基丙烯酰
BPA- 4-联苯乙酸
Tos- 对甲苯磺酰
For- {For}, Formylation
MeOCO- 甲氧羰酰基
{2-Br-Ac}-  N端溴乙酰化
{2-Cl-Ac}- N-端氯乙酰化
{2-I-Ac} N端碘乙酰化
{OH-Ac}- N端羟基乙酰化
{3-Bromopropionyl}- N端溴丙酰化
But-  丁酸
Suc- 丁二酸
MeOSuc- 丁二酸甲酯
Iba-  异丁酸
{pentenoic acid}- 4-戊烯酸
pentinoyl- 4-戊炔酸
Hex- 己酸
{5-heptenoic acid}- 5-己烯酸
{trans-3-hexenoyl}- 反式-3-己烯酰基
{5-Hexynoic acid}- 5-己炔酸
{heptanedioic acid}- 庚二酸
Oct- 辛酸
{F-Oct}- N端全氟辛酸化
Dec-  癸酸
{Sebacic Acid}- 癸二酸
{F-Dec}- N端全氟十烷酸化
Undecyl- 十一烷酸
Lau-  十二烷酸,月桂酸
{F-Lau}- N端全氟十二烷酸化
Myr-  十四烷酸,肉豆蔻酸
{F-Myr}- N端全氟十四烷酸化
{Pentadeconyl}- 十五烷酸
Pal- 十六烷酸,棕榈酸
{Cys(Pal)}- Cys(Pal)
Pam3C- N端三棕榈酸半胱氨酰化
Ste- 十八烷酸, 硬脂酸
{Octanedioic acid}- 十八烷二酸
{Oleic Acid}-  十八烯酸
Linoleic- 亚油酸, -9,-12-十八碳二烯酸
{10,12-Pentacosadiynoic Acid}- 10,12-二十五二炔酸
C terminus Modification  
-OH 正常C端羧基结尾
-NH2 C端酰胺化
-CHO  肽醛
-ol  肽醇
-CMK  氯甲基酮
-FMK  氟甲基酮
-Cya {Cya}, Cysteamide
-pNA 对硝基苯胺
-ONP 对硝基苯酚和C端羧基形成酯
-AMC 7-氨基-4-甲基香豆素
-AFC 7-氨基-4-三氟甲基香豆素
-OMe C端甲酯
-OEt C端乙酯
-OBzl C端苄酯
-OtBu C端叔丁酯
-OSu C端琥珀酰亚胺酯
-NHMe C端甲胺基
-NHEt C端乙胺基
-NHisopen C端异戊胺基
-NH(CH2)6 C端己胺基
-NHPh C端苯胺基
-{NHEt(O)EtNH-Fmoc}  N-乙胺--乙胺基Fmoc
-NH(EtNH-Myr)2 双十四烷酸乙二胺
-N(OMe)Me 做肽醛的前一步中间体
-TBzl C端硫苄酯
-NHNH2 C端酰肼
-ED 二氨基乙基
-BD 二氨基丁烷
-{Pyrenemethylamine} -Pyrenemethylamine (C-terminal)
-{chloro-4-hydroxyanilide} chloro-4-hydroxyanilide
-{4-amino-2-Chlorophenol}  4-氨基-2-氯苯酚
-{octyl ester} 正辛酯 (C-terminal)
-{ED-Fmoc} -NH-CH2CH2-NH-Fmoc
-{2-CAP} 2--4-氨基苯酚   氨基和羧基间
-{Histamine} 组胺
-{3-carboxyl-pNA} 3-羧基-4-硝基苯胺
-IBA isobutylamine
-Lactic acid 乳酸
-OTef 三氟乙醇酯
-NHOH 羟胺
-{Dilauroyl-DETA} 月桂氧羰基-2-(2-氨乙胺基)乙胺
-{Dilauroyl-3-aminopropane-1,2-diol} 3-氨基丙二氧羰基月桂胺
-bNA 2-萘胺
D form normal amino acid  
{D-Ala} {D-Ala}
{D-Arg} {D-Arg}
{D-Asp} {D-Asp}
{D-Asn} {D-Asn}
{D-Cys} {D-Cys}
{D-Glu} {D-Glu}
{D-Gln} {D-Gln}
{D-His} {D-His}
{D-Allo-Ile} {D-Allo-Ile}
{D-Leu} {D-Leu}
{D-Lys} {D-Lys}
{D-Met} {D-Met}
{D-Pro} {D-Pro}
{D-Phe} {D-Phe}
{D-Ser} {D-Ser}
{D-Tyr} {D-Tyr}
{D-Thr} {D-Thr}
{D-Trp} {D-Trp}
{D-Val} {D-Val}
Unusual amino acid  
{Pyr} 焦谷氨酸
{D-Pyr} D-Pyr
{Beta-Asp} {Beta-Asp}
{D-Beta-Asp} {D-Beta-Asp}
{Gamma-Glu} {Gamma-Glu}
{D-Gamma-Glu} {D-Gamma-Glu}
{Cys(Cam)} {Cys(Cam)}
{D-Cys(Cam)} D-Cys(Cam)
{Cys(Acm)} {Cys(Acm)}
{Cys(tBu)} {Cys(tBu)}
{Cys(StBu)} Cys(StBu)
{Met(O)} {Met(O)}
{D-Met(O)} {D-Met(O)}
{Cys(SNO)} Cys(nitrosothiols)
{Met(O)2} {Met(O)2}
{D-Met(O)2} {D-Met(O)2}
{Lys(Ac)} {Lys(Ac)}
{Ac-Lys} {Ac-Lys}
{Lys(Dde)} {Lys(Dde)}
{Tle} 叔亮氨酸
{Ser(octanoic acid)} {Ser(octanoic acid)}
{Ser(Lipoic acid)} Ser侧链接Lipoic acid
{D-Ser(octanoic acid)} {D-Ser(octanoic acid)}
{2-Thi} 3-Ala(2-thienyl)-OH
{3-Thi} 3-Ala(3-thienyl)-OH
{Aib} {Aib}
{Abu} {Abu}
{D-Abu} {D-Abu}
{Tau} 牛磺酸
{Hyp} {Hyp}
{Phg} {Phg}
{D-Phg} {D-Phg}
{Nva} {Nva}
{D-Nva} {D-Nva}
{Nle} {Nle}
{D-Nle} {D-Nle}
{Cit} {Cit}
{D-Cit} {D-Cit}
{Orn} {Orn}
{D-Orn} {D-Orn}
{Pen} {Pen}
{D-Pen} {D-Pen}
{Cpg} {Cpg}, cyclopentylglycine
{Cha} {Cha}
{D-Cha} {D-Cha}
{Chg} {Chg}
{D-Chg} {D-Chg}
{Ac6c} 1-aminocyclohexane carboxylic acid
{Dab} {Dab}
{Dap} {Dap}
{Pra} Pra
{D-Pra} D-Pra
{Allo-Thr} 别苏氨酸
{D-Allo-Thr} D-别苏氨酸
{Gly(allyl)} {Gly(allyl)}
{D-Gly(allyl)} {D-Gly(allyl)}
{Cys(Pyrene-maleimide)} Cys(Pyrene-maleimide)
{D-1-Nal} {D-1-Nal}
{L-1-Nal} {L-1-Nal}
{D-2-Nal} {D-2-Nal}
{L-2-Nal} {L-2-Nal}
{D-2-Pal} {D-2-Pal}
{L-2-Pal} {L-2-Pal}
{D-3-Pal} {D-3-Pal}
{L-3-Pal} {L-3-Pal}
{D-4-Pal} {D-4-Pal}
{L-4-Pal} {L-4-Pal}
{Cys(pMeBzl)} {Cys(pMeBzl)}
{Cys(pMeOBzl)} {Cys(pMeOBzl)}
{Oic} {Oic}
{Tic} {Tic}
{D-Tic} {D-Tic}
{Cys(Bzl)} {Cys(Bzl)}
{Epsilon-Lys} {Epsilon-Lys}
{D-Epsilon-Lys} {D-Epsilon-Lys}
{5-ASA} 5-aminosalicylic acid
{Bpa} {Bpa}
{Pip} {Pip}, piperidine-2-carboxylic acid
{Nip} Nip, piperidine-3-carboxylic acid
{2-Aze} azetidine-2-carboxylic acid
{3-Aze} azetidine-3-carboxylic acid
{Psi(CH2NH)} 假肽键
{CS-NH} 硫代酰胺键
{Se-Met} 硒代蛋氨酸
{Se-Cys} Selenocysteine
{DOPA} 多巴
{isoGln} glu主链酰胺化,用Fmoc-Glu-NH2进行合成
{D-isoGln} 用Fmoc-D-Glu-NH2进行合成
{Aoa} 氨氧基乙酸
{Ser(O-β-D-Glc)} 丝氨酸侧链糖基化
{Thr(O-β-D-Glc)} 苏氨酸侧链糖基化
{Tyr(O-β-D-Glc)} 酪氨酸侧链糖基化
{4,5-dehyro-Leu} 4,5-dehyro-Leu
{Rink Linker} Fmoc Linker insert in sequence
{Thr(OAc)} {Thr(OAc)}
{Delta-Orn} Delta-Orn
{5,5-Dime-Pro} {5,5-Dime-Pro}
{Gla} gamma-carboxy-Glu
{Kep} ketoproline
{Tyr(SO3H2)} {Tyr(SO3H2)}
{Phe(N3)} Phe(N3)
{DMT} 2,6-Dimethyltyrosine
{2-(4'-pentenyl)ala} 庚烯丙氨酸
{Ala(SO3H2)} 磺酸Ala
{X} 20 kinds equal mol mix amino acid
{X-deCys} 不含Cys19种氨基酸等摩尔混合
{G/A/S/V/L/D/K/M/F/Y} 10种氨基酸{G/A/S/V/L/D/K/M/F/Y}等摩尔混合
{A/P/T/N/Q/E/H/R/W} 9种氨基酸{A/P/T/N/Q/E/H/R/W}等摩尔混合
{E(25)D(25)X(50)} 25% Glu, 25% Asp50%其它18种氨基酸等摩尔混合
{E(25)T(25)X(50)} 25% Glu25% Thr50%其它18种等摩尔氨基酸混合
{K(25)Q(25)X(50)} 25% Lys and 25% Gln plus 50% 20 kinds equal mol amino acids
{K(75)X(25)} 75%Lys和25% 20种等摩尔氨基酸混合
{R(25)K(25)X(50)} 25% Arg and 25% Lys plus 50% 20 kinds equal mol amino acids
Fluorescence/Dye Labeling  
Biotin- Biotin (N-Terminal)
{DeThioBiotin}- 脱硫生物素
EDBiotin- EDBiotin (C terminus)
{Glu(Biotin-PEG2)} 在Glu侧链通过一个NH2-PEG2-NH2连接一个Biotin
{Lys(Biotin)} Lys(Biotin) (middle)
-Lys(Biotin) Lys(Biotin) (C temrinus)
{Lys(LC-Biotin)} 在序列中Lys的侧链上接LC-生物素
-Lys(LC-Biotin) 在序列C端Lys的侧链上接LC-生物素
Lys(Biotin)- Lys(Biotin) (N terminus)
{Lys(S-S-Biotin)} Lys(S-S-Biotin)
{Biotin-Ahx}- Biotin-LC (N-Terminal)
{Orn(Bio)} Orn(Bio) (middle or C terminus)
-{NH-PEG3-Bio} NH2-PEG3-NH2连接生物素和多肽C端
{Biotin-S-S}- Biotin-NH-Et-S-Mpa
FITC- FITC (N-Terminal)
-{ED-FITC} EDFITC (C terminus)  乙二胺-FITC
{Lys(FITC)} Lys(FITC) (middle)
-Lys(FITC) Lys(FITC) (C temrinus)
{Lys(Ahx-FITC)} Lys(Ahx-FITC)
Lys(FITC)- Lys(FITC) (N terminus)
{FITC-Ahx}- FITC-LC (N-Terminal)
{5-FAM}- 5-FAM (N-Terminal)
{5,6-FAM}- 5,6-FAM
{6-FAM}- 6-FAM
-{ED-5-FAM} -ED-5-FAM (C-terminal)
{Lys(5-FAM)} Lys(5-FAM) (middle)
{Lys(5,6-FAM)} Lys(5,6-FAM)
-{Lys(5-FAM)} Lys(5-FAM) (C temrinus)
{Lys(5-FAM)}- Lys(5-FAM) (N-Terminus)
{5-FAM-Ahx}- 5-FAM-LC (N-Terminal)
Dansyl- Dansyl (N-Terminal)
-EDDansyl -EDDansyl (C-terminal)
{Lys(Dansyl)} Lys(Dansyl) (middle)
-Lys(Dansyl) Lys(Dansyl) (C temrinus)
Lys(Dansyl)- Lys(Dansyl) (N-Terminus)
{Dansyl-Ahx}- Dansyl-LC (N-Terminal)
{5-TAMRA}- 5-羧基四甲基罗丹明
{5(6)-TAMTA}- 5(6)-TAMTA-
-EDTAMRA -EDTAMRA (C-terminal)
{Lys(TAMRA)} Lys(TAMRA) (middle)
-Lys(5-TAMRA) Lys(5-TAMRA) (C temrinus)
Lys(5-TAMRA)- Lys(5-TAMRA) (N-terminus)
{5-TAMRA-Acp} 5-TAMRA-Acp
{Lys(Dnp)} {Lys(Dnp)}
{D-Lys(Dnp)} D-Lys(Dnp) (middle or C terminus)
{Dab(Dnp)} Dab(Dnp) (middle or C terminus), 3-[2,4-dinitrophenyl]-L-2,4-diaminobutyic acid
{Dap(Dnp)} Dap(Dnp) (middle or C terminus), Dpa, 3-[2,4-dinitrophenyl]-L-2,3-diaminopropionyl
-EDDnp EDDnp (C terminus)
MCA- MCA (N-Terminal)
{Lys(MCA)} 序列中间Lys侧链接MCA
-Lys(MCA) -Lys(MCA) (C-terminal)
Lys(MCA)- Lys(MCA)- (N-terminal)
{3-Indolylacetic acid}- 3-Indolylacetic acid (N-Terminal)
Cys(Npys)- Cys(Npys) (N-terminus)
PyBA- 1-pyrenebutyric acid, (N-Terminal)
{Lys(PyBA)} Lys侧链接1-pyrenebutyric acid
Fa- 3-[2-furyl]acrylic acid
{Rhodamine B}- 罗丹明B
{Lys(Rhodamine B)} Lys侧链接Rhodamine B
{D-Luciferin}- D-Luciferin (N-terminus)
Cy3- Cy3  N  Terminal
Cy5- Cy5 N Terminal
NBD- NBD-
{Hilyte 594} Hilyte 594
{Lys(Hilyte 594)} Lys(Hilyte 594)
{AlexaFluor488} AlexaFluor488
{AlexaFluor555} AlexaFluor555
{AlexaFluor405} AlexaFluor405
Phe/Tyr Analogs amino acid  
{D-2-Cl-Phe} {D-2-Cl-Phe}
{L-2-Cl-Phe} {L-2-Cl-Phe}
{D-3-Cl-Phe} {D-3-Cl-Phe}
{L-3-Cl-Phe} {L-3-Cl-Phe}
{D-4-Cl-Phe} {D-4-Cl-Phe}
{L-4-Cl-Phe} {L-4-Cl-Phe}
{D-3,4-DiCl-Phe} {D-3,4-DiCl-Phe}
{L-3,4-DiCl-Phe} {L-3,4-DiCl-Phe}
{D-4-Br-Phe} {D-4-Br-Phe}
{L-4-Br-Phe} {L-4-Br-Phe}
{D-3-F-Phe} {D-3-F-Phe}
{L-3-F-Phe} {L-3-F-Phe}
{D-4-F-Phe} {D-4-F-Phe}
{L-4-F-Phe} {L-4-F-Phe}
{D-4-NO2-Phe} {D-4-NO2-Phe}
{L-4-NO2-Phe} {L-4-NO2-Phe}
{D-4-I-Phe} {D-4-I-Phe}
{L-4-I-Phe} {L-4-I-Phe}
{D-3-CN-Phe} {D-3-CN-Phe}
{L-3-CN-Phe} {L-3-CN-Phe}
{D-4-CN-Phe} {D-4-CN-Phe}
{L-4-CN-Phe} {L-4-CN-Phe}
{D-2-Me-Phe} {D-2-Me-Phe}
{L-2-Me-Phe} {L-2-Me-Phe}
{D-4-Me-Phe} {D-4-Me-Phe}
{L-4-Me-Phe} {L-4-Me-Phe}
{D-4-NH2-Phe} {D-4-NH2-Phe}
{L-4-NH2-Phe} {L-4-NH2-Phe}
{D-3-Cl-Tyr} {D-3-Cl-Tyr}
{L-3-Cl-Tyr} {L-3-Cl-Tyr}
{D-3,5-DiCl-Tyr} {D-3,5-DiCl-Tyr}
{L-3,5-DiCl-Tyr} {L-3,5-DiCl-Tyr}
{D-3,5-DiBr-Tyr} {D-3,5-DiBr-Tyr}
{L-3,5-DiBr-Tyr} {L-3,5-DiBr-Tyr}
{D-3-I-Tyr} {D-3-I-Tyr}
{L-3-I-Tyr} {L-3-I-Tyr}
{D-3,5-DiI-Tyr} {D-3,5-DiI-Tyr}
{L-3,5-DiI-Tyr} {L-3,5-DiI-Tyr}
{D-3-NO2-Tyr} {D-3-NO2-Tyr}
{L-3-NO2-Tyr} {L-3-NO2-Tyr}
{D-3,5-DiNO2-Tyr} {D-3,5-DiNO2-Tyr}
{L-3,5-DiNO2-Tyr} {L-3,5-DiNO2-Tyr}
{L-3-F-Tyr} L-3-F-Tyr
{L-4-NO2-Phg} {L-4-NO2-Phg}
{D-4-NO2-Phg} {D-4-NO2-Phg}
{L-3,5-DiF-Phe} L-3,5-DiF-Phe
Homo amino acid  
{Har} {Har}, HomoArg
{D-Har} {D-Har}, D-HomoArg
{Hcy} {Hcy}, HomoCys
{HPh} {HPh}, HomoPhe
{D-HPh} {D-HPh}, D-HomoPhe
{Hse} {Hse}, HomoSer
{D-Hse} {D-Hse}, D-HomoSer
{HomoCit} {HomoCit}
{D-HomoCit} {D-HomoCit}
{HomoLeu} {HomoLeu}
{HomoPro} {HomoPro}
{D-HomoPro} {D-HomoPro}
{beta-HomoIle} {beta-HomoIle}
{beta-HomoLeu} {beta-HomoLeu}
{beta-HomoMet} {beta-HomoMet}
{beta-HomoPro} {beta-HomoPro}
{beta-HomoVal} {beta-HomoVal}
{beta-HomoAsp} {beta-HomoAsp}
{beta-HomoAsn} {beta-HomoAsn}
{beta-HomoGlu} {beta-HomoGlu}
{beta-HomoGln} {beta-HomoGln}
{beta-homoSer} {beta-homoSer}
{beta-HomoThr} {beta-HomoThr}
{beta-HomoTrp} {beta-HomoTrp}
{beta-HomoTyr} {beta-HomoTyr}
{Azidohomoalanine} {Azidohomoalanine}
{beta-HomoAla} {beta-HomoAla}
{beta-HomoPhe} {beta-HomoPhe}
{beta-HomoLys} {beta-HomoLys}
Isotope label  
{N15 Gly} N15 Gly
{N15 Ala} Ala上的氮原子标记成同位素N15
{N15 Val} N15 Val
{N15 Leu} N15 Leu
{N15 Ile} N15 Ile
{N15 Phe} N15 Phe
{N15 Asp} N15 Asp
{N15 Pro} N15 Pro
{N15 Thr} N15 Thr
{N15 Lys} N15 Lys
{N15 Tyr} N15 Tyr
{N15 Glu} N15 Glu
{N15 Arg} N15 Arg
{N15 Gln} N15 Gln
{aN15 Asn} Asn  alfa氨基N15标记
{N15 Ser} N15 Ser
{Others} Others
Quenched fluorescent peptide  
{Abz} Abz
{Tyr(3-NO2)} Tyr (3-NO2)
{Glu(EDANS)} Glu侧链接EDANS
DABCYL- DABCYL
{Lys(DABCYL)} Lys侧链接DABCYL
{Lys(Abz)} {Lys(Abz)}
DABSYL- DABSYL, 4-二甲胺基苯基偶氮苯磺酰氯
MAPS and Carrier Complex  
{Symmetric 2 Branches} 相同序列二分支
{Orn symmetric 2 Branches} 相同序列鸟氨酸二分支
{Symmetric 4 Branches} 相同序列四分支
{Orn symmetric 4 Branches} 相同序列鸟氨酸四分支
{Symmetric 8 Branches} 相同序列八分支
{Orn symmetric 8 Branches} 相同序列鸟氨酸八分支
{Glu 2 Branches (Pure)} Glu 2 Branches (Pure)
{glycerol 3 branches ester} {glycerol 3 branches ester, C terminus }
{Lys(peptide2)} Lys(peptide2)   peptide2:指Lys侧链上连接的多肽
{Thr(Peptide2)} {n-mer Branch peptide on Thr side chain}
{Ser(Peptide2)} {n-mer Branch peptide on Ser side chain}
Lys(Ac-Cys) Lys侧链接Ac-Cys
{Lys(Ala)} Lys侧链接Ala
{Lys(Arg)} Lys侧链接Arg
{Lys(Asp)} Lys侧链接Asp
{Lys(Cys)} Lys侧链接Cys
{Lys(Glu)} lys侧链接Glu
{Lys(Leu)} Lys侧链接Leu
{Lys(Met)} Lys侧链接Met
{Lys(Phe)} Lys侧链接Phe
{Lys(SATA)} Lys侧链接SATA
{Lys(Thioacetyl)} Lys侧链接巯基乙酰基
{Lys(Tic)} Lys侧链接Tic
{Lys(Val)} Lys侧链接Val
{Lys(Beta-Asp)} Lys侧链接Asp侧链
{Lys(Gama-Glu)} Lys侧链接Glu侧链羧基
{Lys(Cholesteryl)} Lys侧链接胆固醇氯甲酸
{Lys(LA)} Lys侧链接硫辛酸
{Lys(MTX)} Lys侧链接氨甲叶酸
{Lys(Maleimide)} Lys侧链接Maleimide
{Lys(Mpa)} Lys侧链接Mpa
{Lys(Pra)} Lys侧链接Pra
{Lys(Suc)} Lys侧链接Suc
{Lys(glutaryl)} Lys侧链接戊二酸
{Lys(pGlu)} Lys侧链接pGlu
{Lys(For)} Lys侧链甲酰化
{Lys(2-Br-Ac)} Lys侧链接2-溴乙酸
{Lys(Butanoyl)} Lys侧链接丁酰基, Lys(butyryl)
{Lys(Crotonyl)} Lys侧链接丁烯酰基
{Lys(4-Hydroxybutanoyl)} Lys侧链接一个4-羟基丁酰基
{Lys(octenyl)} Lys侧链辛酸化
{lys(Ma)} Lys侧链接十四烷酸
{Lys(Pal)} Lys侧链接棕榈酸
{Lys(Glu-Pal)} Lys侧链接Glu羧基再接棕榈酸
{Lys(gama-Glu-Pal)} Lys侧链接Glu侧链,然后再接棕榈酸
{Lys(Oleic Acid)} Lys侧链接油酸
{Lys(Acryl)} Lys侧链接个丙烯酰基
{Lys(alkine)} Lys侧链接个乙炔基
{Lys(Alloc)} Lys侧链接2-丙烯氧羰基
{Lys(Aoa)} Lys侧链接Aoa
{Lys(cyclopropanecarboxyl)} Lys 侧链环丙烷酸  修饰
{Lys(3,5-diiodo-4-hydroxybenzoyl)} Lys侧链接3,5-二碘,-4-羟基苯甲酸
{Lys(HMP)} Lys侧链接L型3-羟基2-甲基丙酸
{Lys(Ahx-Diazirine)} Lys侧链接Sulfo-LC-SDA
{Lys(Methacryl)} Lys侧链接甲基丙烯酰基
{Lys(propargyl)} Lys侧链接丙炔基
{Lys(propionyl)} Lys侧链接丙酰基
{Lys(Pyruvoyl)} Lys侧链接丙酮酰基
{Lys(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)} Lys侧链接2-羟基异丁酰
{Lys(methylmalonyl)} Lys侧链接甲基丙二酰
{Dap(Oct)} Dap侧链接Oct
{Lys(HYNIC)} Lys侧链接HYNIC
{BSA-Peptide N terminus} {BSA-Peptide N terminus}
{BSA-peptide C terminus} {BSA-peptide C terminus}
{BSA-Peptide via Cys} {BSA-Peptide via Cys}
{KLH-Peptide N terminus} KLH-Peptide N terminus
{KLH-Peptide C terminus} {KLH-Peptide C terminus}
{KLH-peptide via Cys} {KLH-peptide via Cys}
{OVA-Peptide N terminus} OVA-Peptide N terminus
{OVA-peptide C terminus} {OVA-peptide C terminus}
{OVA-peptide via Cys} {OVA-peptide via Cys}
Atom Linker  
{Gly} {Gly}, 2 atoms
{Beta-Ala} {Beta-Ala}, 3 atoms
{GABA} {GABA}, 4 atoms
{Ava} {Ava}, 5 atoms
{Ahx} {Ahx}, 6 atoms
{8-Aoc} ω-氨基辛酸, 8-Aminocapylic Acid
{AEA} aminoethoxyacetic acid,2-氨基乙氧基乙酸
{Ado} 12-氨基月桂酸
{ANP Linker} 3-氨基-3(2-硝基苯基)丙酸
Methyl amino acids  
{Arg(Me)} {Arg(Me)}
{Arg(Me)2 asymmetrical} {Arg(Me)2} asymmetrical
{Arg(Me)2 symmetrical} {Arg(Me)2} symmetrical
{Tyr(Me)} {Tyr(Me)}
{Thr(Me)} {Thr(Me)}
{Ser(Me)} {Ser(Me)}
{Cys(Me)} {Cys(Me)}, SMC
{Lys(Me)} {Lys(Me)}
{Lys(Me)2} {Lys(Me2)}
{Lys(Me)3} {Lys(Me3)}
{L-2-Me-Trp} {L-2-Me-Trp}
{D-2-Me-Trp} {D-2-Me-Trp}
{Tyr(Et)} {Tyr(Et)}
{D-Tyr(Et)} {D-Tyr(Et)}
{Orn(Me)3} {Orn(Me)3}   鸟氨酸三甲基
{L-1-Me-Trp} {L-1-Me-Trp}
{His(1-Me)} {His(1-Me)}
{His(3-Me)} {His(3-Me)}
{Lys(Me,prop)} {Lys(Me,prop)}
{Lys(Me,buty)} {Lys(Me,buty)}
N-Methyl amino acid  
{N-Me-Ala} {N-Me-Ala}
{N-Me-Phe} {N-Me-Phe}
{N-Me-Leu} {N-Me-Leu}
{N-Me-Ile} {N-Me-Ile}
{N-Me-Val} {N-Me-Val}
{N-Me-Met} {N-Me-Met}
{N-Me-Nle} {N-Me-Nle}
{N-Me-Nva} {N-Me-Nva}
{Sar} {N-Me-Gly}, Sar
{N-Me-Ser} {N-Me-Ser}
{N-Me-Tyr} {N-Me-Tyr}
{N-Me-Thr} {N-Me-Thr}
{N-Me-Asp} {N-Me-Asp}
{N-Me-Glu} {N-Me-Glu}
{N-Me-Arg} N-Me-Arg
{N-Me-Asn} N-Me-Asn
{N-Me-Gln} N-Me-Gln
{N-Me-Lys} N-Me-Lys
{N-Me-Trp} N-Me-Trp
{N-Me-beta-Ala} N-Me-beta-Ala
Cyclic peptide  
{Mono Disulfide bridge} 一对二硫键
{Double Disulfide bridge} 两对二硫键
{Triple Disulfide bridge} 三对二硫键
{Random Disulfide bridge} 三对二硫键随机氧化
{Same Seq. Inter-Disulfide bridge } 相同序列通过Cys分子间氧化
{Different Inter-Disulfide bridge} 不同序列通过Cys分子间氧化
{Amide cyclic (end)} 酰胺键首尾成环
{Amide cyclic (Side chain)} 多肽序列通过Lys侧链酰胺键成环
{Orn side chain Amide cyclic} 多肽序列通过Orn侧链酰胺键成环
{Thioester cyclic} 硫酯键成环
{lactone cyclic} 内酯键成环
{Sec cyclic} Se-CysSe-Cys间氧化
Phosphorylation  
{pSer} {pSer}
{pTyr} {pTyr}
{pThr} {pThr}
{D-pSer} {D-pSer}
{D-pTyr} {D-pTyr}
{D-pThr} {D-pThr}
{Di-sites in sequence} 序列中含有2个磷酸化位点
{Tri-sites in sequence} 序列中含有3个磷酸化位点
{4-sites in sequence} 序列中含4个磷酸化位点
{5-sites in sequence} 序列中含5个磷酸化位点
PEG  
{Mini-PEG} {Mini-PEG}, AEEA 9 atoms
{Mini-PEG2} {Mini-PEG2}, AEEEP 13 atoms
{PEG2-Suc} 8-amino-3,6-dioxa-octyl)succinamic acid
{Mini-PEG3} {Mini-PEG3},AEEEEP 16 atoms
{PEG4} PEG4
{Azido-PEG4}- Azido-dPEG4-NHS接在多肽N端
{PEG5} PEG5
{PEG-6} PEG-6
{PEG8} PEG-8
{PEG-11} PEG-11
{PEG-12} PEG-12
{Mal-PEG12} Mal-PEG12
{Azido-PEG12} Azido-PEG12
{MAL-dPEG24} MAL-dPEG24
{PEG1900}- {PEG1900-}
{Cys(Mal-PEG2000)} PEG2000 maleidine  接在Cys侧链巯基上
{NH2-PEG2000-NH-Suc}- PEG2000, 分子量在2000范围的PEG,两端为氨基,通过一个Suc和多肽连接
{NH-PEG2000} NH-PEG2000
{mPEG2000}- {mPEG2000}, MeO-PEG2000-NH2
{Lys(mPEG2000)} Lys(mPEG2000)
{mPEG3000}- {mPEG3000-}, MeO-PEG3000-NH2
{Lys(mPEG3000)} Lys(mPEG3000)
{Cys(Mal-PEG5000)} PEG5000 maleidine 接在Cys侧链巯基上
{mPEG5000}- {mPEG5000}, MeO-PEG5000-NH2
{Lys(mPEG5000)} Lys(mPEG5000)
Description  
{Arg(Boc)2} Arg(Boc2)
{Arg(NO2)} Arg侧链NO2保护
{Arg(Z)2} Arg侧链Z2保护
{Arg(pbf)} Arg in full protect sequence
{D-Arg(pbf)} D-Arg(pbf)
{Asp(Oall)} Asp侧链Oall保护
{Asp(OBn)} Asp(OBn)
{Asp(OBzl)} Asp(OBzl)
{Asp(OMe)} Asp(OMe)
{Asp(OtBu)} Asp in full protect sequence
{Asp-Ome} Asp主链OMe保护
{Asp-OtBu} beta-Asp in full protect sequence
{Asn(Trt)} Asn in full protect sequence
{Cys(MMt)} Cys恻链MMt保护
{Cys(Trt)} Cys in full protect sequence
{D-Cys(Trt)} D-Cys(Trt)
{Glu(Oall)} Glu侧链OAll保护
{Glu(OBzl)} Glu侧链OBzl保护
{Glu(OMe)} Glu(OMe)
{Glu(OtBu)} Glu in full protect sequence
{D-Glu(OtBu)} D-Glu侧链用OtBu保护
{Gln(Trt)} Gln in full protect sequence
{His(Boc)} His侧链Boc保护
{His(Trt)} His in full protect sequence
{Lys(**)} Lys侧链接**
{Lys(Boc)} Lys in full protect sequence
{Lys(DMT)} Lys侧链用DMT保护
{Lys(Fmoc)} Lys侧链用Fmoc保护
{Lys(Mtt)} Lys侧链用Mtt保护
{Lys(Trt)} Lys side chain Trt protection
{Lys(Z)} Lys侧链CBZ保护
{Ser(Bzl)} Ser侧链接Bzl
{Ser(Trt)} Ser(Trt)
{Ser(tBu)} Ser in full protect sequence
{Tyr(propargyl)} Tyr侧链Propagyl保护
{Tyr(tBu)} Tyr in full protect sequence
{D-Tyr(tBu)} D-Tyr带tBu保护
{Thr(tBu)} Thr in full protect sequence
{Trp(Boc)} Trp in full protect sequence
{Trp(Farnesyl)} Trp(Farnesyl)
{Trp(Geranyl)} Trp(Geranyl)
-{Wang Resin} peptide on Wang Resin
-{2-CTC Resin} peptide on 2-CTC Resin
-{Rink Amide AM Resin} Peptide on Rink Amide AM Resin
-{Rink Amide MBHA Resin} peptide on Rink Amide MBHA Resin
{Map(Trt)} Map(Trt)
{Hyp(tBu)} Hyp侧链带tBu保护
{Orn(2-Cl-Z)} Orn侧链2-Cl-Z保护
{Orn(Boc)} Orn侧链Boc保护
{Orn(Fmoc)} Orn侧链Fmoc保护
{Ser(ΨMe,MePro)} {Ser(ΨMe,MePro)} , 丝氨酸的假二肽
{Thr(ΨMe,MePro)} {Thr(ΨMe,MePro)}, 苏氨酸的假二肽
Description  
{Tyr(DMNB)} {Tyr(DMNB)}
{Psoralen} 补骨脂素
{foscarnet}- 磷甲酰
{3-nitro-2-pyridinesulfenyl}- 3-nitro-2-pyridinesulfenyl
{Glu(o-2-phipr)} Glu(o-2-phipr)
{Novagel-HMBA resin} Novagel-HMBA resin
{Lys(DOTA)} Lys(DOTA)
{Lys(Acp-DOTA)} Lys(Acp-DOTA)
DOTA- DOTA
DTPA- DTPA
{HYNIC} HYNIC
{N3-Gly}- 2-叠氮乙酸
{N3-Ava}- 5-叠氮戊酸
{N3-Acp}- 6-叠氮己酸
HPP- {HPP},4-Hydroxyphenylpropionic acid
{6-mercaptohexanoic acid}- 6-mercaptohexanoic acid   HS-(CH2)5COOH, 6-巯基己酸
MTX- Methotrexate, 氨甲叶酸
-PABC 对氨基苄醇
PNP- 对硝基苯氧羰基
{Atto532 maleimide} Atto532 maleimide
{Atto647N maleimide} Atto647N maleimide
{Klss-Lys(Klss)}- Klss-Lys(Klss)-
{Lys(Acryl)} Lys(Acryl)
{Cis-Hyp} {Cis-Hyp}
{Dap(Alloc)} {Dap(Alloc)}
{Ac5c} {Ac5c}
{Daba(MS)} {Daba(MS)}
{Asp(Rha)} {Asp(Rha)}
{Tpi} {Tpi}
DBCO- Dibenzylcyclooctyne-Acid
{5-hydroxytryptophan} 5-羟色氨酸
{4-Methylpentanoic acid}- 4-Methylpentanoic acid
{Cys(FAM-Mal)} {Cys(FAM-Mal)}
{Cys(TMR-Mal)} {Cys(TMR-Mal)}
{trans-4'-cotinine carboxylic acid}- 反式-4-可替宁羧酸
{cHis} cHis
{4-Aminobenzophenone} 4-氨基二苯甲酮
{Lys(Hpu)} Lys(Hpu)
{ethionine} 乙硫氨基酪酸
{Chromeo642} Chromeo642
{Lys(deoxyHpu)} Lys(deoxyHpu)
Amidino- Amidino-
{Lys(hex-5-ynoic acid)} Lys(hex-5-ynoic acid)
{Sta} Statine
{S(AMP)} 2',3'-异丙叉腺苷
{Pioglitazone} 吡格列酮乙酰化
{BVT-2733} BVT-2733羰酰化
-{2-naphthylamine} 2-萘胺, C端标记
{Bip} 4-biphenylalanine
{13C Ala} C13标记Ala羧基碳原子
{13C3 Ala} Ala上的所有碳原子都标记成C13
{13C3 15N Ala} Ala上所有碳原子标记C13,1个氮原子标记N15
{13C,18O Ala} C13标记Ala上羧基碳原子,同时氧标记成O18
{2D Ala} Ala上所有氢都标记成同位素D
{13C Ac}- 13C  Ac  乙酸的甲基上的碳13C
{13C4 15N Asp} C13, N15标记的Asp
{C13 Glu} {C13 Glu}
{13C5 15N Glu} C13, N15标记的Glu
{13C9 Phe} Phe上所有碳原子标记成C13
{13C9, 15N Phe} C13,N15标记的Phe
{Phe (Ring-D5)} D标记Phe环上5个氢
{13C2 15N Gly} Gly上所有碳原子都标记成C13,氮原子标记成N15
{13C6 15N Ile} 13C,15N标记的Ile
{13C6 15N Lys} C13, N15标记的Lys
{13C Leu} C13标记的Leu羧基C原子
{13C6 15N Leu} 13C,15N标记的Leu
{D Leu} Leu上10个D(氘)标记
{13C5 15N Met} C13, N15标记的Met
{13C5 Pro} Pro上所有碳原子都标记成C13
{13C 15N Pro} 13C,15N标记Pro
{13C3 15N Ser} C13,N15标记的Ser
{13C Val} C13标记的Val羧基上碳原子
{13C 15N Val} Val上所有碳原子都标记成C13,氮原子标记成N15
{D Trp} 8个D标记的Trp
{C13 Tyr} {C13 Tyr}
{N15 Asn_b}  
{N15 Asn_a,b}